Spatial and temporal dynamics of two cacti seed banks in a xerophytic shrubland in Mexico City

keywords: microenvironments, recruitment, safe site, seasonality, variability

Abstract

Background: Soil and aerial seed banks directly affect recruitment in plant populations. Soil banks result as the balance between seed inputs and outputs. Seed bank dynamics vary by species and environmental conditions. Few records on cacti seed banks are available.

Questions: What types of seed banks do two cacti genera form in a lava-field reserve? Does seasonality influence the seed bank dynamics? Are inputs and outputs associated to the microenvironment?

Studied species: Opuntia tomentosa, O. lassiacantha, Mammillaria haageana subsp. san-angelensis, M. magnimamma.

Study site and dates: Xerophytic shrubland in theReserva Ecológica del Pedregal de San Ángel in Mexico City. 2016 to 2018.

Methods: We collected soil samples from four microenvironments during the rainy and the dry seasons, searched for seeds and tested their viability. We compared the number of inputs, outputs and viable seed by microenvironment and season. For M. magnimamma, each month we registered fruit maturation and searched for seeds remaining between tubercles.

Results: Opuntia seed bank inputs occurred in all microenvironments and in both seasons. Rain favored inputs in hollows by secondary seed dispersal. We registered a large number of outputs caused by germination, granivory and loss of viability. Opuntia seed bank was developed in headland, plain and slope. No Mammillaria seed inputs were found, neither an aerial bank in M. magnimamma.

Conclusion: Opuntia seed banks were restricted to microenvironments that provided “safe sites” which stored viable seeds. Mammillaria seed dynamics may hinders recruitment for their populations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Spatial and temporal dynamics of two cacti seed banks in a xerophytic shrubland in Mexico City

References

Baker HG. 1989. Some aspects of the natural history of seed banks. In: Leck AM, Parker VT Simpson RL, eds. Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 9-21. ISBN:0-12-440406-5

Barker NP, Vanderpoorten A, Morton CM, Rourke JP. 2004. Phylogeny, biogeography, and the evolution of life-history traits in Leucadendron (Proteaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 845-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.07.007

Baskin CC, Baskin JM. 2014. Seeds Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. ISBN: 0-12-416677-6

Battersby PF, Wilmshurst JM, Curran TJ, McGlone MS, Perry GL. 2017. Exploring fire adaptation in a land with little fire: serotiny in Leptospermum scoparium (Myrtaceae). Journal of Biogeography 44:1306-1318. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12950

Bravo-Hollis H, Sánchez-Mejorada H. 1991. Las Cactáceas de México. México, D.F: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Bowers JE. 2000. Does Ferocactus wislizeni (Cactaceae) have a between year seed bank? Journal of Arid Environment 45: 197-205. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.2000.0642

Bowers JE. 2005. New evidence for persistent or transient seed banks in three Sonoran Desert cacti. Southwestern Naturalist 50: 482-487. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1894/0038-4909(2005)050[0482:NEFPOT]2.0.CO;2

Caballero I, Olano JM, Luzuriaga AL, Escudero A. 2005. Spatial coherence between seasonal seed banks in a semi-arid gypsum community: density changes but structure does not. Seed Science Research 15: 153-160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR2005206

Cano-Salgado A, Zavala-Hurtado JA, Orozco-Segovia A, Valverde-Valdés MT, Pérez- Rodríguez P. 2012. Composición y abundancia del banco de semillas en una región semiárida del trópico mexicano: patrones de variación espacial y temporal. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 83: 437-446. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2012.2.938

Castellanos-Morales G, García-Peña N, List R. 2008. Uso de recursos del cacomixtle Bassariscus astutus y la zorra gris Urocyon cinereoargenteus en una reserva urbana de la ciudad de México. In: Lorenzo C, E. Espinoza, Ortega J, eds. Avances en el Estudio de los Mamíferos de México. DF: Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología, pp. 377-390. ISBN-13: 978-9687402000

Castellanos-Morales G, List R. 2005. Área de actividad y uso de hábitat del cacomixtle (Bassariscus astutus) en “El Pedregal de San Ángel”. Revista Mexicana de Mastozoología 9: 113-122

Castellanos-Vargas I, García-Calderón NE, Cano-Santana Z. 2017. Procesos físicos del suelo en la reserva ecológica del Pedregal de San Ángel de Ciudad Universitaria: atributos para su conservación. Terra Latinoamericana 35: 51-64.

Castillo-Argüero S, Martínez-Orea Y, Romero-Romero MA, Guadarrama-Chavez P, Núñez- Castillo O, Sánchez-Gallén I, Meave JA. 2007. La Reserva Ecológica del Pedregal de San Ángel Aspectos Florísticos y Ecológicos. Coordinación de la Investigación Científica. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México. ISBN: 970-32-4204-9

Chambers JC, MacMahon JA. 1994. A day in the life of a seed: movements and fates of seeds and their implications for natural and managed systems. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 25: 263-292 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.25.110194.001403

Contreras C, Valverde T. 2002. Evaluation of the conservation status of a rare cactus (Mammillaria crucigera) through the analysis of its population dynamics. Journal of Arid Environment 51: 89-102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.2001.0926

Delgado-Sánchez P, Jiménez-Bremont JF, Guerrero-González ML, Flores J. 2013. Effect of fungi and light on seed germination of three Opuntia species from semiarid lands of central

Mexico. Journal of Plant Research 126: 643-649. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-013-0558-2

García-Chávez J, Sosa VJ, Montaña C. 2010. Variation in post-dispersal predation of cactus seeds under nurse plant canopies in three plant associations of a semiarid scrubland in

central Mexico, Journal of Arid Environments 74: 54-62.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.07.016

Gomes VGN, Quirino ZGM. Machado IC. 2014. Pollination and seed dispersal of Melocactus ernestii Vaupel subsp. ernestii (Cactaceae) by lizards: an example of double mutualism. Plant Biology Journal 16: 315-322. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12063

González-Espinosa M, Quintana-Ascencio PF. 1986. Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals. In: Estrada A, Fleming TH, eds. Frugivores and Seed Dispersal. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 273-284. ISBN: 13:978-94-010-8633-2

Goodman J, Walters D, Bradley K, Maschinski J, Salazar A. 2012. Seeds of endangered Harris flagons form persistent soil seed banks and withstand orthodox storage conditions. Haseltonia 18: 87-96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2985/026.018.0111

Harper JL. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. England, London: Academic Pres. ISBN: 1932846247

Hegazy AK, Alatar AA, Khan MA, Lovett-Doust J. 2014. Interaction between “safe sites” and “Safe Slides” for germination of Neurada procumbens (Neuradaceae) in the Middle East. Folia Geobotanica 49: 175-192. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12224-013-9187-8

Lamont BB, Le Maitre DC, Cowling RM, Enright NJ. 1991. Canopy seed storage in woody plants. Botanical Review 57: 277-317. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02858770

López RP. 2003. Soil seed bank in the semi-arid Prepuna of Bolivia. Plant Ecology 168: 85-92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024490312759

Mandujano MC, Montaña C, Rojas-Aréchiga M. 2005. Breaking seed dormancy in Opuntia rastrera from the Chihuahuan desert. Journal of Arid Environments 62: 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.10.009.

Marone L, Cueto VR, Milesi FA, Lopez de Casenave J. 2004. Soil seed bank composition over desert microhabitats: patterns and plausible mechanisms. Canadian Journal of Botany 82:1809-1816 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/b04-143

Martínez-Orea Y, Castillo-Argüero S, Hernández-Apolinar M, Guadarrama-Chávez MP, Orozco-Segovia A. 2012. Lluvia de semillas después de un incendio en un matorral xerófilo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 83: 447-457. ISSN 2007-8706. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2007.001.394

Monroy-Vázquez ME, Peña-Valdivia CB, García-Nava JR, Solano-Camacho E, Campos H, García-Villanueva E. 2017. Imbibición, viabilidad y vigor de semillas de cuatro especies de Opuntia con grado distinto de domesticación. Agrociencia 51: 27-42.

Montiel S, Montaña C. 2000. Vertebrate frugivory and seed dispersal of a Chihuahuan Desert cactus. Plant Ecology 146: 221-229. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009819419498

Montiel S, Montaña C. 2003. Seed bank dynamics of the desert cactus Opuntia rastrera in two habitats from the Chihuahua Desert. Plant Ecology 166: 241-248. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023255314277

Olvera-Carrillo Y, Márquez-Guzmán J, Barradas VL, Sánchez-Coronado ME, Orozco-Segovia A. 2003. Germination of the hard seed coated Opuntia tomentosa S.D., a cacti from the México valley. Journal of Arid Environments 55: 29-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-1963(02)00268-9

Olvera-Carrillo Y, Méndez I, Sánchez-Coronado ME, Márquez-Guzmán J, Barradas VL, Huante P, Orozco-Segovia A. 2009. Effect of environmental heterogeneity on field germination of Opuntia tomentosa (Cactaceae, Opuntioideae) seeds. Journal of Arid Environment 73: 414-420 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2008.12.012

Ordoñez-Salanueva CA, Orozco-Segovia A, Canales-Martínez M, Seal CE, Pritchard HW, Flores-Ortiz CM. 2017. Ecological longevity of Polaskia chende (Cactaceae) seeds in the soil seed bank, seedling emergence and survival. Plant Biology 19: 973-982. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12611

Orozco-Segovia A, Márquez-Guzmán J, Sánchez-Coronado ME, Gamboa de Buen A, Baskin JM, Baskin CC. 2007. Seed anatomy and water uptake in relation to seed dormancy in Opuntia tomentosa (Cactaceae, Opuntioideae). Annals of Botany 99: 581-592. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcm001

Peck JE. 2016. Multivariate Analysis for Ecologists: Step-by-Step. United States, Oregon: MJM Software Design. ISBN: 0972129022

Peters EM, Martorell C, Ezcurra E. 2009. The adaptive value of cued seed dispersal in desert plants: seed retention and release in Mammillaria pectinifera (Cactaceae), a small globose cactus. American Journal of Botany 96: 537-541. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.0800157

Pukacka S, Ratajczak E. 2005. Production and scavenging of reactive oxygen species in Fagus sylvatica seeds during storage at varied temperature and humidity. Journal of Plant Physiology 162: 873-885. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2004.10.012

Radeloff VC, Mladenoff DJ, Guries RP, Boyce MS. 2004. Spatial patterns of cone serotiny in Pinus banksiana in relation to fire disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management 189: 122-141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2003.07.040

Rivas-Arancibia SP, Montaña C, Velasco Hernández JX, Zavala-Hurtado JA. 2006. Germination responses of annual plants to substrate type, rainfall, and temperature in a semi-arid inter-tropical region in Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments 67: 416-427. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.03.005

Roberts HA. 1981. Seed banks in soil. Advances in Applied Biology 6: 1-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojf.2017.73019

Rodríguez-Ortega C, Franco M, Mandujano MC. 2006. Serotiny and seed germination in three threatened species of Mammillaria (Cactaceae). Basic and Applied Ecology 7: 533-544. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2006.04.001

Rojas-Aréchiga M, Batis AI. 2001. ¿Las semillas de cactáceas forman bancos en el suelo? Cactáceas y Suculentas Mexicanas 46: 76-82

Rojas-Aréchiga M, Mandujano-Sánchez MC. 2017. Latencia secundaria en especies de la tribu Cacteae (Cactaceae). Polibotánica 44: 137-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18387/polibotanica.44.10

Rojas-Aréchiga M, Vázquez-Yanes C. 2000. Cactus seed germination: a review. Journal of Arid Environments 44: 85-104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jare.1999.0582

Romo-Campos L, Flores-Flores JL, Flores J, Álvarez-Fuentes G. 2010. Seed germination of Opuntia species from an aridity gradient in Central Mexico. Journal of the Professional Association for Cactus Development 2: 181-198.

Ruedas M, Valverde T, Castillo-Argüero S. 2000. Respuesta germinativa y crecimiento de plántulas de Mammillaria magnimamma (Cactaceae) bajo diferentes condiciones ambientales. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica Mexicana 66: 25-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1608

Rzedowski J. 1994. Vegetación del Pedregal de San Ángel. In Rojo A. ed. Reserva ecologica" el Pedregal" de San Angel: ecología, historia natural y manejo. DF: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, pp. 219-228.

Sánchez-Coronado ME, Márquez-Guzmán J, Rosas-Moreno J. Vidal-Gaona G, Villegas M, Espinosa-Matías S, Olvera-Carrillo Y, Orozco-Segovia A. 2011. Mycoflora in exhumed seeds of Opuntia tomentosa and its possible role in seed germination. Applied and Environmental Soil Science 2011: 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/107159

Santibáñez-Andrade G, Castillo-Argüero S. Zavala-Hurtado JA, Martínez-Orea Y, Hernández-Apolinar M. 2009. La heterogeneidad ambiental en un matorral xerófilo. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 85: 71-79. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2304

Santini B.A, Martorell C. 2013. Does retained-seed priming drive the evolution of serotiny in drylands? an assessment using the cactus. American Journal of Botany 100: 365-373 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1200106

Sarukhán J. 1974. Studies on plant demography: Ranunculus repens L., R. bulbosus L. and R. acris L.: II. Reproductive Strategies and Seed Population Dynamics. Journal of Ecology 62: 151-177 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2258886

Siebe C. 2000. Age and archaeological implications of Xitle volcano, southwestern Basin of Mexico-City. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 104: 45-64 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(00)00199-2

Soberón J, Rosas MC, Jiménez G. 1991. Ecología hipotética de la Reserva del Pedregal de San Ángel. Ciencia y Desarrollo 17: 25-38

Sotomayor DA, Gutiérrez JR. 2015. Seed bank of desert annual plants along an aridity gradient in the southern Atacama coastal desert. Journal of Vegetation Science 26: 1148-1158.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12321

Thompson K. 2000. The functional ecology of soil seed banks. In: Fenner M, ed. Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities. Wallingford: CABI Publishing, pp 215-236. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR2003142

Valiente-Banuet A, Luna-García E. 1990. Una lista florística actualizada para la Reserva del Pedregal de San Ángel, México D. F. Acta Botánica Mexicana 9: 13-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21829/abm9.1990.588

Valverde T, Chávez VM. 2009. Mammillaria (Cactaceae) como indicadora del estado de conservación del ecosistema. In: Lot A, Cano-Santana Z, eds. Biodiversidad del ecosistema Pedregal de San Ángel. DF: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Reserva Ecológica del Pedregal de San Ángel - Coordinación de la Investigación Científica, pp. 497-507. ISBN 978-970-32-5323-4

Valverde T, Quijas S, López-Villavicencio M, Castillo S. 2004. Population dynamics of Mammillaria magnimamma Haworth (Cactaceae) in a lava-field in central Mexico. Plant Ecology 170: 167-184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:VEGE.0000021662.78634.de

Published
2021-05-18
How to Cite
Guzmán-Vázquez, I., Castillo-Argüero, S., Orozco-Segovia, A., & Collazo-Ortega, M. (2021). Spatial and temporal dynamics of two cacti seed banks in a xerophytic shrubland in Mexico City. Botanical Sciences, 99(3), 560-572. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2745
Section
PHYSIOLOGY / FISIOLOGÍA