Agroforestry systems of a Zapotec community in the Northern Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico

Keywords: Coffe plantation, home gardens, milpa, use value

Abstract

Background: Agroforestry systems have cultural, economic, social, and biodiversity conservation significance and are essential for the subsistence of communities.

Questions: Is there a difference in the richness, management and use of useful plants present in the agroforestry systems (home gardens, coffee plantations, and milpa)? What is the influence of sociodemographic factors on the distribution of traditional knowledge regarding plants of these systems?

Site and years of study: Las Delicias, municipality of Juquila Vijanos, Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, Mexico, from January 2016 to May 2018.

Methods: Visits to three agroforestry systems and semistructured interviews with 30 families to learn how they use the plants and to calculate the use value (UV) for each species. The similarity of floristic composition between agroforestry systems and the influence of sociodemographic factors (age, gender, schooling, economic activity and language) in the traditional plant knowledge was evaluated. The methods used were chi squared and proportions analyses, and a generalized linear analysis with Poisson distribution.

Results: The three agroforestry systems consisted of 211 of useful plants; home gardens and coffee plantations had a greater similarity in floristic composition; the dissimilarity of the milpa agroecosystem is related to seasonality. The plants with higher UVs were those with multiple uses, and are found mainly in coffee plantations. Production in these spaces is complemented to satisfy the needs of the inhabitants. Gender and economic activity are factors that influence the distribution of traditional knowledge.

Conclusion: Agroforestry systems provide a species richness differentiated for specific purposes but complementary to each other.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sunem Pascual-Mendoza, Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Oaxaca

PhD student

Postgraduate Department

Gladys Isabel Manzanero-Medina, Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Oaxaca

Department of Investigation

 Research Professor

Alfredo Saynes-Vásquez, Instituto Saynes de Investigaciones sobre Cultura, Lengua y Naturaleza

Department of Investigation

Research Professor

Marco Antonio Vásquez-Dávila, Instituto Tecnológico del Valle de Oaxaca

 

Forest Department

 Research Professor

 

Agroforestry systems of a Zapotec community in the Northern Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico

References

Abdoellah OS, Hadikusumah HY, Takeuchi K, Okubo S, Parikesit. 2006. Commercialization of homegardens in an Indonesian village: vegetation composition and functional changes. Agroforestry Systems 68: 1-13. DOI: 10.1007/s10457-005-7475-x

Acosta-Tolentino A. 2009. Estudio Florístico y etnobotánico de milpas y cafetales en San Antonio el Grande (Huehuetla, Hidalgo) y su relación con algunos factores socioeconómicos. Tesis de Licenciatura, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo.

Agresti A, Finlay B. 2009. Statistical Methods for the Social Sciences. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Agresti A. 2002. Categorical Data Analysis. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Albuquerque UP, Cunha LVF, Lucena RFP, Alves RRN. 2014. Methods and Techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology. New York: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-8636-7

Altieri M, Toledo VM. 2011. The agroecological revolution of Latin America: rescuing nature, securing food sovereignity and empowering peasants. The Journal of Peasant Studies 38: 587–612. DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2011.582947

Amusa TO, Jimoh SO. 2012. Determining the local importance of non-timber forest products using two different prioritization techniques. International Journal of Africulture and Forestry 2: 84-92. DOI: 10.5923/j.ijaf.20120201.14

Andriamparany JN, Brinkmann K, Jeannoda V, Buerket A. 2014. Effects of socio-economic household characteristics on traditional knowledge and usage of wild yams and medicinal plants in the Mahafaly region of south-western Madagascar. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10: 82. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-10-82

Arriaga-Cabrera L. 2009. Regiones prioritarias y planeación para la conservación de la biodiversidad. In: Dirzo R, González R, March IJ, eds. Capital Natural de México, vol II: Estado de Conservación y Tendencias de Cambio. México: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, 433–457.

Bandeira FP, Martorell C, Meave J, Caballero J. 2005. The role of rustic coffee plantations in the conservation of wild tree diversity in the Chinantec region of Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1225-1240. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-004-7843-2

Published
2020-03-11
How to Cite
Pascual-Mendoza, S., Manzanero-Medina, G. I., Saynes-Vásquez, A., & Vásquez-Dávila, M. A. (2020). Agroforestry systems of a Zapotec community in the Northern Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico. Botanical Sciences, 98(1), 128-144. https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2423
Section
ETHNOBOTANY / ETNOBOTÁNICA