Conservation genetics of an endangered cycad, Dioon sonorense (Zamiaceae): implications from variation of chloroplast DNA

José Said Gutiérrez-Ortega, Tadashi Kajita, Francisco E. Molina-Freaner


The endemic species Dioon sonorense comprises the northernmost group of populations of Dioon, in Sonora, Mexico. Although it is endangered, only the southern populations are protected within a preservation area, while the remaining populations have not been taken into account in management plans or genealogical studies. Describing the intraspecific genealogy and the geographical structure of the genetic variation of D. sonorense may help in the identifi cation of units for further conservation. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to describe the intraspecific genealogy of populations throughout the range of distribution of the endangered species D. sonorense, using haplotypes of the trnL-F spacer of the cpDNA. In addition, the levels of diversity of the employed molecular marker were estimated. Low levels of variability were recorded and at least two evolutionary units, corresponding to each haplotype, were identifi ed as components of the species. The inclusion of northern populations into conservation programs is recommended. In order to integrate these findings to the genealogy of genus Dioon, trnL-F sequences of all the remaining species were merged and analyzed. An ancestral haplotype with wide distribution was detected in several species and one haplotype in D. sonorense was found shared with its sister species, D. tomasellii. This work represents a first attempt to reconcile a genealogical approach in the identifi cation of important centers of genetic diversity of Mexican cycads.


chloroplast DNA; conservation genetics; Dioon sonorense; endangered species

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Botanical Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes scientific papers in plant sciences. The arguments, figures / schemes / photographs, quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors, and not commit the Editor- in-Chief or the Sociedad Botánica de México.

Botanical Sciences year 8, Vol. 97, No. 2, April-June 2019. Quarterly publication edited and published by Sociedad Botánica de México A.C. ( Editor in Chief Salvador Arias, Jardín Botánico, Instituto de Biología, 3er Circuito s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, C.P. 04510. Reserves of Rights to the Exclusive Use No. 04-2017-040716054100-203, digital-ISSN 2007-4476, both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsible for updating the page Pedro López, email:, eScire. Last update July 18, 2019.

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